For precautionary vaccinations for your dog a distinction between so-called core vaccinations (mandatory vaccines) and non-core vaccinations (vaccinations). The former are absolutely necessary and should be refreshed regularly. The need for vaccination depends on how old your dog is and what his condition is.
Some vaccinations are essential - both for humans and for dogs. Then there are in the animal world but also the so-called non-core vaccines. These vaccinations are controversial among veterinarians. While some doctors advise non-core vaccines, others reject them. Normally, however, should be decided individually on each case, whether such vaccination is useful for your dog.
Which non-core vaccines are there?
In contrast to compulsory vaccinations, inoculations do not necessarily have to be carried out on every dog. But they are always useful if the dog is exposed to an increased risk of infection.
The following non-core vaccinations are common:
● Babesiosis (canine malaria): the duration of the vaccine is six months.
● Kennel cough: the duration of the vaccine is one year.
● Lyme disease: The duration of the vaccine is four to six months for Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii and one year for Borrelia burgdorferi senso stricto.
● Canines herpes virus (also known as "puppy death")
● Leishmaniasis: The duration of the vaccine is one year.
● Fungal diseases (dermatophytosis, microspore, trichophytosis): The duration of the vaccine varies between nine months and one year.
Non-Core Vaccinations: Meaningful Protection Against Disease?
The decision to have a non-core vaccination is always with the dog owner. Before you give your dog such a vaccine, you should weigh the benefits and risks, as side effects can always occur. Your vet will help you decide if a vaccine will help your dog more or hurt more. For example, it may be useful to vaccinate your dog against Lyme disease if you are often in the woods or in meadows where many ticks occur.
It is also advisable to protect kennels housed in the kennel as a precautionary measure against kennel cough, whereas a family dog housed in the house is less likely to come into contact with the pathogens.
Vaccination for your dog: You should remember that
Keep in mind that vaccinations can have side effects. For example, vaccine against Lyme disease can cause severe side effects such as kidney inflammation. It is therefore not advisable to vaccinate the pet as a precaution against all sorts of diseases. It makes sense, however, to protect particularly vulnerable dogs with additional vaccinations against certain pathogens.
Also keep in mind that a non-core vaccine does not always protect your dog from the infection, but sometimes only mitigates it when the four-legged friend has become infected. In addition, many vaccinations have only a very short duration of action, which rarely exceeds one year.
Non-Core Vaccinations: Veterinarian creates individual vaccination plan
It's best to have an annual vaccination interview with your veterinarian. This will be able to determine the individual risk of infection for your animal and create an individually meaningful vaccination plan. For each vaccination and the determination of the appropriate vaccination interval up to a possible booster dose, the veterinarian takes into account the individual risk to your dog as well as the epidemiological circumstances of the environment. Generally speaking, non-core vaccines are: as much as necessary and as little as possible.